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A Multidisciplinary Approach: Exploring the Perspectives of Public Health, Healthcare and Legal Professionals.


Academic levels of education vary across different fields of study, and while there are similarities, there are also significant differences in the educational paths required for different professions. In the case of medical education, there is indeed a certain level of universal uniformity compared to law education. Medical education generally follows a consistent structure worldwide unlike law school. The specific licensing requirements can vary between countries, but the fundamental purpose of these exams is to ensure that medical professionals have the necessary knowledge and skills to provide quality healthcare.

In contrast, the educational path for law professionals differs significantly. Law education typically involves completing an undergraduate degree, followed by attending law school for a period of 3 years. After graduating from law school, aspiring lawyers must pass the bar examination in their jurisdiction to become licensed to practice law. Obtaining law education from another country is not and will never be a comparison for obtaining medical education abroad.

Unlike medical education, the path to becoming a law practitioner does not typically involve post-graduate residency programs. Once licensed, lawyers can start practicing independently in the areas of law for which they are qualified, without the need for further extensive training.

Therefore, the key difference between medical education and law education lies in the extended post-graduate training required for medical professionals, which is not present in the legal field. The additional years of residency training for medical professionals contribute to their expertise and specialization in their chosen medical specialties. This extended training period reflects the level of knowledge and skill required to practice medicine independently and is a significant factor in the difference between the two professions.

In some accredited medical schools in Africa, particularly those that follow the United Kingdom curriculum, the process of medical licensing may align with the UK system.

Medical education in Africa varies across countries and institutions. Some medical schools in Africa adopt a curriculum that is influenced by or modeled after the United Kingdom system, which includes a focus on theoretical knowledge and clinical training. For individuals with medical degrees acquired outside the United States who wish to practice medicine in the US, they typically need to go through a credential evaluation process. Credential evaluations are conducted by independent organizations recognized by the relevant authorities.

The evaluating organization examines the curriculum, coursework, clinical training, and other relevant factors to determine the equivalency of the degree to a US medical degree.

Based on the evaluation, the organization provides a report that states the equivalency of the degree acquired outside the US. This report helps regulatory bodies, licensing boards, and employers in the US understand the applicant's qualifications and make informed decisions regarding licensure or employment.

It's important to note that the evaluation of credentials is just one aspect of the licensure process in the US. Individuals with foreign medical degrees may still need to fulfill additional requirements, such as passing the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) which is the equivalent of National Board Medical Exam (NBME) for U.S medical school graduates and both parties go ahead to complete a residency program, to obtain a medical license and practice medicine in the US.

Hence, It's important to note that the academic levels and degrees differ, different fields may have their own unique progression of degrees and qualifications, tailored to the specific nature of the discipline. Another clarification that may appear in the follow-up article would be whether a candidate implied that he possess a law degree or JD degree.

Brief Background.

According to a recent report by Forbes, Georgia has been identified as the worst state to seek health care based on their analysis of health care access, cost, outcomes, and quality of hospital care. As a Public Health MD, understanding the needs of the community is vital in addressing the pressing issues in various sectors such as Agribusiness and Agriculture, Healthcare, and Infrastructure.

In light of this information, it is important to consider the expertise and skills required to effectively address the needs of the Georgian communities. While candidates with a JD in law may bring valuable legal knowledge and perspectives to the table, candidates with Public Health skills, and a profound depth of healthcare and legal expertise in general can offer specialized knowledge and experience in addressing health-related challenges and promoting overall well-being.

Considering that approximately 50% of the current serving candidates or incumbents have law degrees, it may be beneficial to diversify the skill set among the candidates. By introducing candidates with Public Health skills and also a significant depth of knowledge and expertise in law, there can be a more comprehensive approach to addressing the pressing needs of the state, particularly in areas such as Agribusiness and Agriculture, Healthcare, and Infrastructure.

One of the major issues highlighted in the Forbes report is the lack of health care access in Georgia. The state ranks among the highest in terms of the number of individuals without health insurance coverage. This means that a significant portion of the population may face barriers to receiving necessary medical care due to financial constraints. Many individuals in Georgia are forced to avoid visiting doctors or seeking medical treatment due to concerns about the associated costs, which can have detrimental effects on their health and well-being.

Another significant challenge in Georgia's health care landscape is the limited availability of health care providers, particularly in rural areas. Rural communities often struggle to find health care professionals operating within their geographical parameters. The patient-to-physician ratio in rural areas is notably lower than in urban areas, with only 39.8 physicians per 100,000 people in rural regions compared to 53 physicians per 100,000 people in urban areas. This disparity exacerbates the difficulties faced by rural residents in accessing timely and adequate medical care.

The combination of limited health care access, high rates of uninsured individuals, disparities in physician distribution between rural and urban areas, and poor mortality rates for critical diseases presents significant challenges for the overall health and well-being of Georgia's population. Addressing these issues requires comprehensive and targeted interventions that aim to improve health care affordability, expand insurance coverage, enhance access to health care providers, and implement effective preventive measures to reduce the burden of chronic diseases.

Public Health MDs can focus on enhancing food safety, promoting sustainable farming practices, addressing public health concerns related to pesticides and contaminants, and ensuring access to nutritious food for all communities. Public Health professionals can play a crucial role in improving healthcare access and affordability, implementing preventive health measures, addressing health disparities, and promoting evidence-based policies to enhance the overall health outcomes of the population. They can contribute to infrastructure planning and development by considering health impact assessments, ensuring access to clean water and sanitation systems, designing safe and healthy built environments, and addressing environmental health risks.


The relevance of a Public Health MD with certification in a law field from the prestigious Yale University versus a candidate with a Juris Doctorate legal career would largely depend on the specific requirements of the district and the state that needs representation.

In addition to their expertise in public health, it's possible for a Public Health MD to have developed some level of understanding of legal principles, intricacies of the law, and legal expertise over the past 2-3 years. They may have taken the initiative to study relevant legal topics, stay updated on legal developments, and familiarize themselves with the legal framework surrounding public health issues.

A Public Health MD would bring specialized knowledge and expertise in public health matters, such as epidemiology, disease prevention, and healthcare policy.

By having a solid understanding of legal principles and acquiring some level of legal expertise, the Public Health MD can effectively navigate legal issues, comprehend statutes and regulations, and contribute to legal discussions and strategies. This combination of public health knowledge and a growing understanding of the law can make them a valuable asset in congress.

While a candidate with Doctor of Jurisprudence degree have deeper understanding of legal principles, courtroom procedures, and the intricacies of the law that are crucial in navigating legal arguments, presenting evidence, cross-examining witnesses, and interpreting complex statutes or case precedents,regarding the candidate’s potential candidacy for the U.S. Congress, the relevance of the background may shift.

In court cases where legal knowledge is paramount, such as constitutional law disputes or complex corporate litigation, the candidate with a legal background may have an advantage. In Congress, lawmakers are responsible for crafting legislation and making policy decisions that affect various aspects of society, including public health. In this context, the Public Health MD's expertise and understanding of health-related issues could be highly valuable when shaping legislation or writing both health policy and non-health related bills.

By incorporating candidates with Public Health skills & Health Care alongside those with legal expertise, it can lead to a more well-rounded and comprehensive approach in addressing the needs of the Georgian communities. This multidisciplinary approach can help create effective policies, interventions, and strategies that consider the holistic well-being of the population.

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